To define whether HLA-DRB may function as a genetic factor for predisposition to coal worker's pneumoconiosis

We investigated the concentration of trihalomethanes (THMs) in tap water and swimming pool water in the area of the Nakhon Pathom Municipality during the period April 2005-March 2006. The concentrations of total THMs, chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform in tap water were 12.70-41.74, 6.72-29.19, 1.12-11.75, 0.63-3.55 and 0.08-3.40 microg/L, respectively, whereas those in swimming pool water were 26.15-65.09, 9.50-36.97, 8.90-18.01, 5.19-22.78 and ND-6.56 microg/L, respectively. It implied that the concentration of THMs in swimming pool water was higher than those in tap water, particularly, brominated-THMs.

Three methods were examined to cultivate bacteria associated with the marine sponge Haliclona (gellius) sp.: agar plate cultures, liquid cultures, and floating filter cultures. A variety of oligotrophic media were employed, including media with aqueous and organic sponge extracts, bacterial signal molecules, and siderophores. More than 3,900 isolates were analyzed, and 205 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified.

To define whether HLA-DRB may function as a genetic factor for predisposition to coal worker's pneumoconiosis, we determined DRB1, 3, 4, 5 alleles. For this purpose, DRB typing with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes in 204 German miners with pneumoconiosis and in 52 German miners without pneumoconiosis was used. The miners had worked under comparable conditions.

Melatonin, the major hormone produced by the pineal gland, displays characteristic daily and seasonal patterns of secretion. These robust and predictable rhythms in circulating melatonin are strong synchronizers for the expression of numerous physiological processes in photoperiodic species. In mammals, the nighttime production of melatonin is mainly driven by the circadian clock, situated in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, which controls the release of norepinephrine from the dense pineal sympathetic afferents.

Diversification of the β-carboline skeleton has been demonstrated to assemble a β-carboline library starting from the tetrahydro-β-carboline framework. This strategy affords feasible access to heteroaryl-, aryl-, alkenyl-, or alkynyl-substituted β-carbolines at the C1, C3, or C8 position through three categorically different types of transition-metal-catalyzed CC bond-forming reactions, in the presence of multiple potentially reactive positions. These site-selective functionalizations include; 1) the Cu-catalyzed C1/C3-selective decarboxylative C sp 3C sp 2 and C sp 3Csp coupling of hexahydro-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid with a CH bond of a heteroarene or terminal alkyne; 2) the chelation-assisted Pd-catalyzed C1/C8-selective CH arylation of hexahydro-β-carboline with aryl boron reagents; and 3) the chelation-assisted Pd-catalyzed C1/C3-selective oxidative CH/CH cross-coupling of β-carboline-N-oxide with arenes, heteroarenes, or alkenes.

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